Space Program

Live performances of Electronic Music tend to rely heavily on technology, and they often do sound like the music of technology. Electronic Music development has historically been mostly oriented to the sound sources and/or the finished work. Unlike in jazz, the individual has rarely been a focal point. By 2003, i began considering to play Electronic Music in a way that is more concerned with the musician than with the instrument; in which technology is a means (not an end) to focus on personal decisions and musicianship; in which what you play matters more than the instrument you play with.

Rafael Toral, 2003 – 2010

Some lines of development in the Space Program:


Space (CD, 2006; 2LP, 2007 – orchestral environment for electronic instruments)
Solo series:
Space Solo 1 (CD, 2007; LP, 2008)
Space Solo 2 (CD, 2017)
Space Elements series:
Space Elements Vol. I (CD, LP, 2008)
Space Elements Vol. II (CD, LP, 2010)
Space Elements Vol. III (CD, LP, 2011)


• Space Studies  (solo performance on specific instruments; there are 7)
• Space Collective   (orchestral formation in continuous development)
Space Quartet   (post-free jazz quartet, drums, bass, 2 electronics or other)
• Space Trio (post-free jazz trio, drums, bass, electronics)


Space Program Workshop
(Intensive practical work in 4 days, including collective performance)
Space Program Keynote
(Detailed presentation of the Space Program’s concepts and features, with graphics and audio, discussion with the audience)

NOTE: The Space Program’s structure is completed as of 2017. Its developments currently live on in the Space Quartet, and on individual solo performance in any context. A retrospective compilation has been released in 2020, titled Open Space.